Is faith an emotion or a feeling?

When you first read this question, you might think emotion and feeling are the same. With the way of knowing faith, we will explain it.

Many people, when they are children, there parents decide the religion in which they will grow and become adults, but do for example children in our age have an emotion for religion?
Most of the children, like me, they have a feeling of religion, because if we talk about emotion, it means it’s a strong bond with the topic. If we relate this to some WoK, obviously we are talking about memory, since that is a feeling we have had it since we were little kids.

But on the other hand, a real example, the singer Madonna, is a catholic woman, and she has been like this since she was a kid, but as time passed, she started practicing other religions such as Islam and Judaism. We can see it in this quote: “I believe what I practice has to do with something deeper than religion, that it embodies all religions including Judaism. And Christianity. And Islam.”

En el texto: (, 2017)
Bibliografía: (2017). Madonna Quote: “I believe what I practice has to do with something deeper than religion, that it embodies all religions, including Judai…”. [online] Available at: [Accessed 31 Mar. 2017].

With this example we can see that faith can be working with memory but also with a lot of ways of knowing such as emotion, reason and imagination.

As we can see in this case, it does work as an emotion, and in the first one, as a feeling, so we can state that faith can be an emotion and a feeling, although it has to accomplish several requirements to say that it works as one or another. And this not only happens with faith, but also with other ways of knowing such as reason or sense perception.





To what extent is a business consider an art or a science?


During this year I have started a new subject called Business Management based on the role of business and the basic functions of itself like human resources, finance and accounts, marketing and operations management.

In order to catalogue this subject as an art or a science it is important to mentioned the different between these two concepts. Both of them are consider main areas of knowledge, meaning that through them we can obtain real information that can help us to understand new ideas.

The arts are consider a type of a quality, production, expression, or realm, according to aesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance.

On the other hand, the sciences are consider branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws like mathematics or physics formulas.


A business is usually defined as a occupation, job or enterprise that purchases sales of good and services in order to make a profit.

As we can see from the definition of what a science a business will certainly be a science because studies a series of facts and truths that systematically arranged such as the behaviour of leaders, managers, outputs or inputs and so on..

A counter argument that could demonstrate that business is not consider a science is that in some occasion, business men use this method to sell or buy within using methods that could be seen as art.

In this case, the business will be standing for a form of quality production that is expressed through certain beautiful patterns and in some cases people agree that business are considered a form of type.

As a conclusion, I agree that business are a form of science because the area that studies facts and concepts is bigger and much more efficient and important that the area that explores the patters and the artistic part.


Sources of reference:

  • Arts as a way of knowing in the presentation
  • Business Management Ib guide

Does art have to have a meaning or is not neccesary?


As we have seen through the course of the year, arts stand for an important area of knowledge that is in many cases misunderstood or overrated.

This is definitely due to the lack of knowledge within this area, as many people do not quite comprehend why the arts exist and therefore what we are supposed to learn from it.

The arts are difficult to interpret and define as in many of the occasion is the audience who decides where a product or an object is consider a piece of art, craft or merely rubbish.

To be able to understand the meanings that the arts can offer us it’s important to explore different examples.

When we talk about a famous painting like The Mona Lisa we can observe that this portrait is expressing certain type of knowledge as much as it is with a connotative or denotative meaning. So we can certainly agree that arts show meaning through the colours, shadows and perspective of the drawing.


Another example that follows this same pattern could be a statue but in this case a less famous one like the statue of Zeus at Olympia. In this case, this piece of art is demonstrating the public certain meaning with the gesture, the colours and the way the marble is treated.


As well as the painting, both pieces show a meaning and therefore it will be reliable to say that all types of art show at least some information that can be expressed as a way of meaning and therefore knowledge in the area.

And for the implications of this knowledge question it could be argued that some pieces of arts might not have a certain meaning but going through the major blocks, we can see that a meaning is always affecting and therefore showing some knowledge.

Bibliography or sources of information: 




Here we will look to see the traits and characteristics that artists have in order to find out why they are artists. First the significance that comes with being an artist, to further understand what it is to be one. It is a question that has troubled philosophers and sociologist throughout the ages as artists have constantly redefined the reasons and the ways they do things or even the ways they see themselves as a manner of public influence. “An artist is someone who produces things that people don’t need to have but that he – for some reason – thinks it would be a good idea to give them.” This is a quote from the famous Pop artist Andy Warhol. In this quote, he tells us that it is not only the product of the artist not need but it is also craved by other people. However, this a very limited definition, as there might be a case where someone does need art for psychological purposes, satisfaction, or even reputational purposes.

Sometimes an individual doesn’t produce art for public view, Van Gogh for example made a vague attempt to show a small portion of his art but still kept most of it for himself, thus having only sold one painting in his lifetime. Did it make him less of an artist? Nowadays he is one of the world’s most famous artists, but in his time, he was hardly considered one, reaching the conclusion that an artist also doesn’t need to display his art to a public in order to be considered one. Even when it comes to performance art, it doesn’t always require an audience, however it is custom to have one.

An artist can label himself after his profession deducing himself to the fact that he sells his art to the public to make a living, and so he would be an artist by profession. However, is it necessary to meet a certain standard of skill before you are considered an artist? By this it refers to the fact that the art must be good or appealing to its audience, and whether the audience must gain knowledge from the art so that the artist work is accomplished. We can’t label an artist by certain functional characteristics, aside from the obvious or vague answer that it is someone who creates something, but to what function, in what context, to what intention, all these factors have to be taken into consideration. It only the artist himself can determine whether he is one or not, a scientist could consider himself an artist, a cook, a gardener even, because all of these people create according to what they wish to accomplish, and that’s how the artists acknowledges his status.


To what extent can we claim art standards of judgement are universal?

Art is part of an individual, even though some people think it is created by them. This is the reason why most of us find the same things pretty. When a couple of friends of mine and I went to the American Museum in order to learn about Latin American culture for our Spanish class. While looking art their art, I realised Aztec pottery was really similar to ancient Greek ones.

Imagen 1   Imagen 2

Aztec                                                 Ancient Greek

As we can see in the pictures, the silhouette is almost the same, both colours used for painting are black, they represent human activities, the bottom is decorated with geometric figures, the two of them are varnished… The interesting thing about it is these cultures didn’t meet, but they have the same judgements of a “beautiful” vessel. With this example, we can deduce every human being has the same image of beauty.

However, there are external reasons why these two cultures made their pottery this way. The figure must be because it is an easy way to hold it and pour the liquid that goes inside. The varnish must be son the paintings don’t erase…


How can ethics be determined by instinct and human sciences?

“Nothing is either good or bad, but thinking makes it so.”This was once expressed by  Shakespeare.

¿Do goodness and evilness exist?  and even so ¿Is there any accurate way of knowing how to  classify actions, situations, etc, as either good or bad?

Ethics is one of the areas of knowledge, however, as learnt during the course, we understand that areas of knowledge are all interrelated, and cooperate with each other. Our perception of ethics is determined by our culture, religion,(human sciences) but it is also   determined by our own nature (natural sciences).

We, humans, are biologically designed to interact with our environment and to respond to stimulus. Emotion, is vital in this process, and this,  makes people acquire certain values in order to consider things good or bad.

For example, if a starving wild animal attacks a person making it feel  hurt, this indiviual will consider the situation “bad”.  ¿Is it, though? From a biological point of view, the animal  is just trying to be fed, and it is natural.  In order to be able to protect ourselves in a future similar situation, we classify this situation, and any similar one as bad. Nevertheless, it is our mind, who has decided this itself, in order to survive. But we may consider the situation neutral.

We can observe that depending on the point of view,  this situation can either be considered good or natural.

Another example would be: When a person from an occidental country eats a steak, this action is considered neutral by the person, natural in fact. However, according to Hindu Believes, this person would be committing a sin. Understanding the fact of eating a steak as a sacrilege, as in it’s culture, this is considered so.  Once again, we can see that the action itself is neutral, and it is people’s minds that classify not accurately this actions.

Because of the arguments exposed, we consider the fact of classifying anything as good or bad, not accurate and based on perception. Even though, ethics, does provide us a way to approach knowledge, such as in the example of the wild animal, it is based on perception and determined by some other areas of knowledge such as, human sciences and natural sciences.


Spears, K. (2017). Sway. 1st ed.